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Types of Brake Pads

Ceramic brake pads – The name says it all: they are mainly made of ceramic material and have copper fibres embedded within the composition. Originally, they were made to prevent how much dust and noise was being made.

Benefits:

  • Quieter than semi-metallic pads because of the higher frequency being made impossible for us to hear.
  • They produce finer dust that doesn’t stick to the wheels. Dust in the wheel could alter driving experience that should be avoided.
  • They generally have a longer life span than the organic and semi metallic models. The material is so strong that it is difficult to wear away quickly.
  • These brake pads also do well under fluctuating temperatures from cold to hot without changing the way you drive.

Flaws:

  • Because of the strength they contain they tend to be more expensive.
  • Although they do well in different temperatures, they could fail in freezing weather. They also don’t absorb heat too well.
  • These brake parts aren’t fit for forceful and sudden braking in cases such as racing and industrial driving.

Organic brake pads also known as Non-asbestos organic (NAO). They contain glass, fibre, rubber, carbon and Kevlar all joined together with special resin.

Benefits:

  • They are soft and quiet making it a comfortable drive. They also produce less dust than semi metallic pads.
  • They produce friction without too much heat needed.
  • It is cheap and suitable for everyday driving under different weather conditions.

Flaws:

  • They work well in specific weather conditions but in extreme conditions you could be dealing with brake failure.
  • They wear much quicker than other types of materials.
  • They can’t be used for performance driving because high heat could damage the material.

Semi Metallic Brake Pads – These brake pads are made of steel, iron and copper. These metals are combined with friction modifiers and fillers and graphite lubricant.

Benefits:

  • Braking performance is better than that of the organic pads.
  • They can withstand higher heats because of the metallic content.
  • They last longer than the organic material.
  • It can be used for racing and everyday use.

Flaws:

  • They are generally quite noisy
  • They tend to produce the most dust which could damage your wheels.
  • They wear brake rotors relatively quickly.